Current Questions and New Directions in Archaeological Obsidian Studies

Prehistoric axes and beads found in caves on a remote Indonesian island suggest this was a crucial staging post for seafaring people who lived in this region as the last ice age was coming to an end. Our discoveries, published today in PLOS ONE , suggest humans arrived on the tropical island of Obi at least 18, years ago, successfully making a living there for at least the next 10, years. We found the oldest example from east Indonesia of edge-ground axes, made by grinding a piece of stone to a sharp blade against a rough material such as sandstone. These were likely used for clearing the forest and making dugout canoes. Our discoveries suggest the prehistoric people who lived on Obi were adept on both land and sea, hunting in the dense rainforest, foraging by the sea, and possibly even making canoes for voyaging between islands. Our research is part of a project to learn more about how people first dispersed from mainland Asia, through the Indonesian archipelago and into Sahul, the prehistoric continent that once connected Australia and New Guinea. Migrating through this region, which is named Wallacea after the explorer and naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace, would have required multiple sea crossings.

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In This Section Dating the Evidence Accurate dating is important for putting events and objects in sequence. For example, the arrival of sophisticated carbon dating methods in the s caused scientists to revise their interpretation of events in Europe in prehistoric times. Ancient sites in England, Malta, and elsewhere turned out to be older than once thought.

They introduced the obsidian hydration dating method to the archaeological community in It may be used in two ways: as a relative dating method to.

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Fission track dating and provenience of archaeological obsidian artefacts in Colombia and Ecuador

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obsidian hydration. The goals of this paper are to (1) outline how obsidian hydration as an archaeological dating technique was first discovered and applied​.

GSA Bulletin ; 87 5 : — The ages of the last two glaciations near West Yellowstone, Montana, can be calculated by obsidian hydration techniques that are calibrated by K-Ar dating of obsidian-bearing lava flows. The average age of glacial abrasion of obsidian in the Pinedale terminal moraines is about 30, yr, with most age measurements between 20, and 35, yr. For the Bull Lake moraines, it is about , yr, with most measurements between , and , yr. These obsidian hydration ages of the Pinedale and Bull Lake Glaciations correlate well with the last two cold intervals of the marine record.

The age determined for the Bull Lake Glaciation near West Yellowstone antedates the last interglaciation of the marine record, which is commonly correlated with the Sangamon Interglaciation. Our results suggest correlation of the Pinedale Glaciation near West Yellowstone with much or all of the Wisconsin Glaciation and of the Bull Lake with the late Illinoian. The correlation of Bull Lake with late Illinoian appears equally or more compatible with traditional criteria for correlation, namely comparative soil development and degree of preservation of morainal morphology.

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SIMS-SS, a new obsidian hydration dating method: analysis and theoretical principles.

Wenn Sie fortfahren, nehmen wir an, dass Sie mit der Verwendung von Cookies auf der Webseite waldrapp. Finally, ages can also be used from the U? Pb system by analysis of Pb isotope curve alone.

In Hughes, R.E., ed., Current Directions in California Obsidian Studies. Leach, B.E New perspectives on dating obsidian artifacts in New Zealand.

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Northwest Research Obsidian Studies Laboratory

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Key words: archaeology, western Subarctic, Alaska, dating, obsidian, obsidian hydration. RÉSUMÉ. Il y est question de huit études individuelles de datation.

Obsidian hydration dating OHD is a geochemical method of determining age in either absolute or relative terms of an artifact made of obsidian. Obsidian is a volcanic glass that was used by prehistoric people as a raw material in the manufacture of stone tools such as projectile points, knives, or other cutting tools through knapping , or breaking off pieces in a controlled manner, such as pressure flaking. Obsidian obeys the property of mineral hydration , and absorbs water , when exposed to air, at well defined rate.

Over time, water slowly diffuses into the artifact forming a narrow “band,” “rim,” or “rind” that can be seen and measured with many different techniques such as a high-power microscope with 40—80 power magnification , depth profiling with SIMS secondary ion mass spectrometry , and IR-PAS infra red photoacoustic spectroscopy. Geological Survey.

The use of Secondary ion mass spectrometry SIMS in the measurement of obsidian hydration dating was introduced by two independent research teams in Today the technique is applied extensively by archaeologists to date prehistoric sites and sites from prehistory in California [8] and the Great Basin of North America. To measure the hydration band, a small slice of material is typically cut from an artifact.

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Obsidian—hydration—rind dating , method of age determination of obsidian black volcanic glass that makes use of the fact that obsidian freshly exposed to the atmosphere will take up water to form a hydrated surface layer with a density and refractive index different from that of the remainder of the obsidian. The thickness of the layer can be determined by microscopic examination of a thin section of the sample cut at right angles to the surface.

The hydration—rind dating technique also has been used to date glassy rhyolitic flows that have erupted more than years ago but less than , years ago. Obsidian—hydration—rind dating. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback.

OBSIDIAN HYDRATION DATING. This article is one of an occasional series discussing matters archaeological, especially with reference to the Maturango.

Provenance studies of obsidian artefacts from turkish neolithic sites. An interdisciplinary approach by INAA and fission track dating.. La datation par traces de fission de l’Uranium T. INAA comme T. This work reports the results of an interdisciplinary study aimed to contribute to a better understanding of circulation of obsidian during prehistoric times in Turkey. Both INAA as well as FT dating confirm that a variety of sources can be represented in the same site in the same stratigraphie level.

Results of this study confirm that further detailed field work is needed in order to attain an adequate stage of knowledge of the Anatolian potential natural sources of raw material of prehistoric obsidian artefacts.

Obsidian–hydration–rind dating

A method that is able to determine the age of an obsidian tool in terms of when it was made. When obsidian is chipped a thin layer of hydrated rock slowly builds up on the fresh surface. The thickness of the hydration layer can be measured as the basis for an estimate of how long ago the surface was exposed. Subjects: Archaeology.

Measuring soil temperatures for obsidian hydration dating in northern New Zealand. Home download Measuring soil temperatures for obsidian hydration dating.

Chronometric Dating in Archaeology pp Cite as. A freshly-made surface of obsidian volcanic glass of rhyolitic composition will absorb water which slowly penetrates by diffusion into the body of the artifact. Although the depth of penetration can be measured by various methods, it is generally determined by microscopic examination on thin sections of the artifact cut normal to the surface. The rate of penetration of water is dependent upon several factors, primarily the chemical composition of the glass and the temperature at which the hydration occurred.

Discussions are given of techniques for measuring the hydration thickness, measurement or estimates of ambient hydration temperature, chemical composition of the obsidian, and the conversion of hydration thickness to dating the time of manufacture of the artifact. Comparisons are made between the results of obsidian hydration and other dating methods.

Obsidian Hydration – An Inexpensive, but Problematic Dating Technique

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Dating archaeological sites in New Zealand is hindered by issues of calibration in Obsidian Hydration Dating (OHD) had been proposed as an alternative to.

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Obsidian hydration

A Proposal focuses on the planning stage of problem solving. AWA proposals include Problem-solution texts, Policy Reports, Marketing Proposals, and Research Proposals, which are often used in third year to plan research which cannot yet be carried out. Proposals focus on the planning stage of problem solving. They define a problem, generate possible solutions, and identify and justify recommended solution s.

The obsidian hydration dating (OHD) method is based upon modeling the rate of water diffusion into a natural glass surface by establishing a diffusion coefficient.

American Limitations 48 3. Friedman, Irving Fred W. Trembour,Franklin L. Smith, limitations George I. Quaternary Research 41 2. Michels, Joseph W. Dating, pp. Tsong, and Charles M. Obsidian Dating and East Willamette Archeology. Obsidian hydration problematic OHD is a geochemical method of determining age in either hydration or hydration terms of an artifact dating of obsidian.

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